No hea mai ka inulin

2023-10-10 11:36:27

ʻO ka Inulin kekahi ʻano o ka fiber meaʻai i loaʻa maoli i kekahi mau mea kanu. Ua manaʻo ʻia he fructan, ʻo ia ka mea i haku ʻia me nā molekole fructose i hoʻopaʻa ʻia. 


ʻO ka Inulin kahi mea ʻoʻoleʻa i hoʻokumu ʻia i loko o nā ʻano huaʻai, nā mea kanu, a me nā meaʻai, e like me ka palaoa, aniani, maiʻa, leeks, artichokes, a me ka asparagus. ʻO ka inulin i hoʻohana ʻia i nā mea hoʻohui maʻamau e hele mai mai ka hoʻoluhi ʻana i nā aʻa chicory i ka wai wela.


Inulin nui ua lilo i mea kaulana i nā makahiki i hala iho nei ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻohui prebiotic ma muli o kāna mau hopena maikaʻi i ka maʻi bacteria a me ke olakino holoʻokoʻa. Akā, no hea mai ka inulin?

Pehea e loaʻa mai ai ka inulin?

Loaʻa ʻia ka Inulin mai nā kumu lāʻau like ʻole, ka mea maʻamau i ke kumu chicory. Loaʻa ka Inulin i loko o 36,000 mau mea kanu ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, me ka leeks, nā aniani, ke kāleka, ka asparagus, ka palaoa, ka maiʻa, a me nā aʻa chicory. Eia nō naʻe, loaʻa i ka aʻa chicory ka manaʻo kiʻekiʻe loa, ma kahi o 20% inulin ma ke kaupaona.


Mālama ʻia ka Inulin i loko o nā aʻa, nā ʻōpala, a me nā lau o kēia mau mea kanu ma ke ʻano he mālama ikehu. Hoʻopili ʻia ia mai ka sucrose e ka enzyme inulin synthase. Hoʻopuka nā mea kanu i nā molekole inulin o nā kaulahao like ʻole ma muli o nā ʻano mea kanu. Loaʻa i ka inulin Chicory nā kaulahao lōʻihi, ʻoi aku ma mua o 60 mau ʻāpana fructose. Loaʻa nā inulin kaulahao pōkole i nā mea kanu e like me nā aniani a me nā leeks.


No ka unuhi a hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i ka inulin mai nā mea kanu, holoi mua ʻia nā aʻa a i ʻole nā ​​ʻōpala, ʻokiʻoki ʻia, a hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka wai wela. Hoʻopuka kēia i ka inulin, a laila hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia ma o ka kānana, ka ua, a me ka hoʻomaloʻo ʻana. ʻO ka huahana hope loa he pauka keʻokeʻo i haku ʻia me ka inulin chicory i loaʻa i kahi kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka fiber meaʻai.

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Pehea ka hana ʻana o ka inulin?

Ma waho aʻe o ka lawe ʻia ʻana mai nā mea kanu, kūʻai nui i ka inulin hiki ke hana ʻia ma ke ʻano synthetic no ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻoihana. ʻO kēia kaʻina hana e hiki ai i nā mea hana ke hoʻomalu i ke kaumaha molekala a me ka lōʻihi o ke kaulahao o nā molekole inulin.


ʻO ka hana ʻenehana o inulin hoʻomaka me ka sucrose i loaʻa mai nā mea kanu e like me ke kō a i ʻole ke kō. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka sucrose i ka fructose a me ka glucose molekole me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā enzymes. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia kēia mau kō maʻalahi me ka enzymatically e hana i nā kaulahao polymer inulin, ʻike ʻia hoʻi ʻo fructans.


Ma ke kāohi ʻana i ka hopena o ka enzyme, hiki i nā mea hana ke hana i nā fructans inulin o nā kaulahao kikoʻī, mai ka 2 a ʻoi aku ma mua o 60 fructose units. ʻOi aku ka ʻono a hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka inulin kaulahao pōkole a ʻo ka inulin kaulahao lōʻihi i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka fiber prebiotic. Hiki ke hana ʻia ka inulin synthetic i ka pauka a i ʻole ka wai paʻa.

ʻO ka hiki ke hoʻomalu maikaʻi i ke ʻano mole o ka inulin i ka wā o ka hana ʻoihana e hiki ai i nā ʻoihana meaʻai a me nā mea hoʻohui ke hoʻololi i ka inulin no nā hoʻohana kikoʻī i kā lākou huahana.

He kūlohelohe anei ka inulin?

ʻO ka manaʻo ʻana o ka inulin he kūlohelohe a ʻaʻole paha ma muli o kona kumu. ʻO ka Inulin i unuhi ʻia a hoʻomaʻemaʻe pololei ʻia mai nā mea kanu e like me ke aʻa chicory e nānā ʻia he fiber meaʻai maoli. Hoʻomaopopo ka FDA i ka inulin i loaʻa mai nā kumu mea kanu maoli e like me GRAS (ʻike nui ʻia he palekana).

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻenehana synthesized ka pauda inulin nui i hana ʻia me ka sucrose i mālama ʻia i ka enzyme ʻaʻole hiki ke kū maoli i nā mea kanu. Pono ia i ka hana kanaka e hana. No laila, hoʻopaʻapaʻa kekahi poʻe ʻo kēia kaʻina hana e hoʻemi ʻia ka huahana hope ma mua o ka inulin i loaʻa i ka mea kanu.

Eia nō naʻe, hoʻomaka ka inulin synthetic mai nā mea kūlohelohe e like me ka sucrose. Ua like ia me ka inulin i loaʻa i nā mea kanu. No laila ʻoiai ʻokoʻa ke ʻano hana, ʻo nā molekole inulin hope loa e hana like me ka inulin maoli.

Ua alakaʻi kēia i kekahi mau luna olakino, e like me ka poʻe ma EU, e noʻonoʻo i ka inulin i loaʻa i ka mea kanu a me ka synthetic ma ke ʻano he mea kūlohelohe. Akā, ke hoʻomau nei ka hoʻopaʻapaʻa ʻana i ke ʻano o ka mea kūlohelohe.

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He aha nā kumu kūlohelohe maikaʻi loa o ka inulin?

ʻO nā kumu kūlohelohe maikaʻi loa o ka inulin nā mea kanu i loaʻa i nā ʻano kiʻekiʻe o ko lākou aʻa a i ʻole nā ​​ʻōpala. Aia kekahi mau laʻana:

  • Aʻa Chicory: Loaʻa i ka 20% inulin ma ke kaumaha. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo Chicory ka kumu waiwai loa a hoʻohana mau ʻia no ka unuhi ʻana i ka inulin.

  • ʻO Ierusalema artichoke: Loaʻa i ka 10-20% inulin i loko o nā ʻōpala. Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea kanu akā hiki ke unuhi i ka inulin.

  • ʻO Dahlia tubers: A hiki i ka 18% o ka inulin content. He mea kanu pua pili i ka chicory a hoʻohana ʻia no ka ʻili ʻana i ka inulin.

  • Aʻa Dandelion: A hiki i 40% nui ka pauda inulin organik ma ke kaumaha ke maloʻo. ʻO Dandelion kahi mea kanu hiki ke hoʻohana pinepine ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea hoʻohui lāʻau.

  • Aʻa Burdock: Loaʻa iā 10-15% inulin. ʻO kahi ʻaʻa kumu ʻai ʻē aʻe e pālua ʻia ma ke ʻano he kumu inulin.

  • Nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo Chicory: Ma kahi o 3-10% inulin i nā lau a me nā kumu. Hiki ke hāʻawi i ka inulin ke ʻai ʻia ma ke ʻano he mea kanu.

  • Leeks: Loaʻa i ka 2-10% inulin, ka hapa nui i loko o ka puʻupuʻu. Mea kanu maʻamau ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

  • ʻO Asparagus: Manaʻo ʻia he 2-3% ka nui o ka inulin, loaʻa i loko o ka mea kanu.

ʻO ka ʻai ʻana i kēia mau meaʻai waiwai nui i ka inulin hiki ke hāʻawi i nā pōmaikaʻi fiber prebiotic. Akā nā mea hoʻohui inulin E hoʻohana i nā ʻāpana hoʻomaʻemaʻe kiʻekiʻe mai nā aʻa e like me ka chicory no ka ʻike nui o ka inulin.

He aha ke ʻano kemika o ka inulin?

Ma ke kahua, inulin Aia nā kaulahao laina o nā molekole fructose i hoʻopili ʻia e nā beta 2-1 glycosidic paʻa. Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia kaulahao inulin hoʻokahi mole mole glucose hope i hoʻopili ʻia i ke kaulahao fructose, i kapa ʻia he kestose.

ʻO ka helu o nā ʻāpana fructose (i kapa ʻia hoʻi ke degere o ka polymerization) hiki ke loaʻa mai ka 2 a hiki i ka 60, me ka awelika o 10 a 12. ʻO nā inulin kaulahao lōʻihi he kiʻekiʻe ke kaupaona molekala. No ka laʻana, ʻo ka lōʻihi o ke kaulahao o 60 fructoses e loaʻa ke kaumaha molekala ma kahi o 5,000 Da.

ʻO ka hoʻonohonoho beta o nā mea paʻa glycosidic a me ka linear, ʻaʻole i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ʻae i ka inulin e hana i nā microcrystalline aggregates. Hoʻopili kēia i kāna mau waiwai solubility. Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka Inulin i ka wai wela akā ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka wai anuanu.

Hoʻopili ka lōʻihi o ke kaulahao i nā waiwai hana e like me ka viscosity. ʻO nā inulin kaulahao lōʻihi hana i nā hāʻina viscous. I nā huahana meaʻai, hoʻohana ʻia nā inulin pōkole pōkole e hāʻawi i nā kō no ka waha aʻo nā kaulahao lōʻihi e hāʻawi i ka fiber.

He aha nā meaʻai i loaʻa i ka inulin? 

Loaʻa maoli ka Inulin i nā ʻano huaʻai, nā mea kanu, a me nā mea kanu. ʻO kekahi o nā kumu meaʻai nui o ka inulin:

  • ʻO ke aʻa nani

  • Ierusalema artichoke

  • Nā pua momona

  • 'Alika

  • Kāleka

  • Leeks

  • Asparagus

  • maia

  • palaoa

  • ota

  • Pale

  • Rye

  • Mele

  • ʻO ka lau chicory

  • ʻO nā ʻōpala Dahlia

  • Aʻa Burdock

  • Aʻa Elecampane

ʻO nā kānaka me ka intolerance i inulin pono e noʻonoʻo e kaupalena a pale paha i nā meaʻai kiʻekiʻe-inulin. ʻO nā hōʻailona o ka intolerance hiki ke komo i ke kinoea, ka bloating, a me nā pilikia digestive. ʻO ka poʻe me ka inulin intolerance makemake paha e kaupalena i nā meaʻai e like me:

  • ʻO ke aʻa chicory a me nā lau

  • Ierusalema artichoke

  • ʻO nā aniani a me nā leki

  • Asparagus

  • Kāleka

  • Huapalaoa

  • Pākuʻi Inulin

Hoʻohana kekahi poʻe i nā lāʻau lapaʻau e like me Beano a i ʻole ka lanahu hoʻōla e kōkua i ka hoʻoemi ʻana ka pauda inulin organik nui-ʻai waiwai. ʻO ka hoʻonui mālie ʻana i ka fiber e hiki ai i ke kino ke hoʻomohala i ka hoʻomanawanui. E nīnau i ke kauka no ka mālama ʻana i ka intolerance inulin.

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Ma hea kahi i hana ʻia ai ka inulin?

Aia nā mea hana kiʻekiʻe o ka inulin ma nā wahi i ulu nui ʻia nā mea maka e like me ka chicory a me nā beets sugar:

  • Palani

  • Kelemānia

  • Pelekiuma

  • Nekelana

  • Iapana

Ke alakaʻi nei ʻo Farani i ka honua inulin hana, kuleana no ma luna o 70% o ka huina kuai mahele. ʻO nā mea hana nui Farani e like me Cosucra Group, Sensus BV, a me Cargill Inc i loaʻa nā hale hana inulin ma Farani kokoke i nā māla chicory.

ʻO ʻEulopa kiʻekiʻe ʻē aʻe inulin ʻO nā mea hana pū kekahi me Beneo a me Südzucker/BENEO ma Kelemānia a me ka hui Cosucra e pili ana i Belgium. Ua hoʻonui kēia mau ʻoihana meaʻai multinational i ʻAmelika ʻĀkau i ka ulu ʻana o ka noi.

ʻO ka loaʻa ʻana o ke aʻa chicory, ke ea maikaʻi, a me ka ʻike loea e kōkua i ka mana o ʻEulopa i ka hana inulin no nā mākeke honua.

He aha ka inulin i hana ai?

Hoʻopuka maoli ʻia ka Inulin e nā ʻano mea ola ma waho o nā mea kanu pua. ʻO kekahi mau laʻana o nā ʻano mea hana inulin:

Bakteria: Hiki i ka nui o nā maʻi bacteria i loko o ka ʻōpū o ke kanaka a me nā holoholona ke synthesize i nā molekole inulin. Hoʻopili kēia mau mea i nā bifidobacteria maikaʻi a me ka lactobacilli strains. Hiki i kā lākou hana inulin ke kōkua i nā hopena prebiotic.


ʻO nā haʻiki: Hoʻopuka kekahi mau haʻani a me nā mea hū i nā molekala fructan e like me inulin e like me ka mālama ʻana i nā carbohydrates. Aia kēia mau mea ʻO Aspergillus a Penicillium nā haʻiki.

Algae: ʻO kekahi microalgae ʻōmaʻomaʻo like Stigeoclonium hiki ke hana i nā fructans like me ka inulin a ʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe e hana i nā polysaccharides sulfated like.

Lichens: ʻano lichen ʻO Cladonia loaʻa nā polysaccharides i kapa ʻia he lichenins me nā ʻano ʻano inulin.

ʻOiai ʻokoʻa iki ka inulin mai kēia mau meaola mai ka inulin mea kanu, hōʻike ia i ke ʻano ākea ākea a me ka pono o ka inulin ma waena o ka taxa. Hiki i nā noiʻi hou ke hōʻike i nā ʻano hana hana inulin e hoʻohana ana i nā microbes a i ʻole algae.

E hoʻomaopopo ':

Kclippinger, AJ, Wade, AG, & Low, RK (2018). A randomized, papalua-makapo, placebo-hoomaluia loiloi o ka palekana o chicory aʻa extract i loko o ke ola manawaleʻa me ka mōʻaukala o excessive kinoea hoʻohana. Nā meaʻono, 10(10), 1536. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101536

Lopez-Sanz, S., Saenz-Navajas, MP, Campana-Martin, L., Echavarri, JF, & Ferreira, V. (2021). ʻO ka hana kemika a me nā waiwai kino o nā fructans mai ka hua waina (Vitis vinifera L.): He haʻawina hoʻohālikelike o ka oligo- a me nā polysaccharides mai ka ʻāpala a me ka chicory. Ka Nūpepaʻo Science Science, 86(10), 4565-4577. https://doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.15883

Shoaib, M., Shehzad, A., Omar, M., Rakha, A., Raza, H., Sharif, HR, Shakeel, A., Ansari, A., & Niazi, S. (2016). Inulin: Nā waiwai, nā pono olakino a me nā noi meaʻai. ʻO nā polimer kalapona, 147, 444-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.04.020


NO KA MEA AUTHOR

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He kanaka botanist ʻo Celine Xu me 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu mea kanu no nā noi meaʻai a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i kahi hui R&D e pili ana i ka ʻike, ka mahiʻai ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā mea kanu lāʻau. Ua loaʻa iā Celine Xu kahi Ph.D. ma Plant Biology ua kākau i nā ʻatikala he nui i loko o nā puke pai e pili ana i nā pono olakino o nā phytochemical kūikawā. 'Ōlelo pinepine 'o ia ma nā 'aha kūkā o ka 'oihana e pili ana i nā mea hou e pili ana i ka 'imi noi'i mea kanu. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Celine Xu i ka holomua ʻana i ka ʻike ʻepekema pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai nā pūhui mea kanu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino kanaka.