He prebiotic ka inulin

2023-10-11 09:29:02

Ke hopohopo nei mākou i ke koʻikoʻi o ka meaʻai momona no ke olakino o ka naʻau, ke olakino digestive, ka neʻe ʻana o ka ʻōpū, a me nā mea hou aku. Akā, ua ʻike anei ʻoe he mau pōmaikaʻi nā ʻano filament ma mua o ka mea a mākou e manaʻo ai e pili ana i ka fiber?


ʻO kekahi, ʻo ia hoʻi, i kapa ʻia ʻo inulin, he ʻano fiber i hoʻolaha ʻia no kāna ʻāpana maikaʻi i ka ʻōpū a me ke olakino metabolic, ʻokoʻa nā wahi maʻamau i ke olakino digestive.


ʻOiai aia kekahi mau ʻano o inulin, Hoʻokahi mea like lākou a pau i ko lākou hiki ke hana e like me ka fiber prebiotic. ʻaʻole lohe ʻia?


ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole ia nā probiotics maʻamau a mākou e lohe ai e pili ana i kēlā me kēia ma luna o ka nūhou olakino. He fiber salutary ia e lawelawe ana i meaʻai no ka bacteria salutary i kou ʻōpū. No ka mea ʻaʻole hiki ke wāwahi ʻia a hoʻopaʻa ʻia paha i ka ʻāpana GI, hāʻawi ia i nā pono āpau o ke kino.


Pēlā nō no ka inulin - no ka mea ʻaʻole mālama ke kanaka i nā enzyme i koi ʻia e wāwahi iā ia, hele ʻo ia i loko o ka digestive tract piha a hānai i nā ʻōpū ʻōpū maikaʻi (ʻo kēia mau kāne ka probiotics) ʻoiai e hāʻawi ana i nā pono ʻē aʻe e like me ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i ka cholesterol a me ka hāpai ʻana i ka ʻai ʻole. . Me he mea lā he lanakila maoli, ʻeā?


No laila, inā ʻano ʻē ʻoe me ka inulin, aia ʻoe ma kahi kūpono. Hōʻike kēia haku mele i kāu mea e pono ai e ʻike e pili ana i ka inulin fiber prebiotic a pehea e kākoʻo ai i ke olakino ʻōpū (a me ke olakino holoʻokoʻa holoʻokoʻa).

He aha ka Inulin i hoʻohana ʻia no.png

He aha ka Inulin?


I ka nānā mua ʻana, manaʻo paha ʻoe ke kamaʻilio nei mākou e pili ana i ka insulin, akā ʻaʻole mākou. ʻO ka Inulin kahi fiber hale hana kūpono i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i nā helu kiʻekiʻe i nā tausani o nā ʻano hale hana, ʻoi aku ka chicory root.


E loaʻa nō hoʻi iā ʻoe ma nā hopena e like me ka maiʻa, aniani, kālika, asparagus, a me Ierusalema artichokes nā meaʻai āpau a mākou i kapa ai he meaʻai prebiotic.


Ma ke ʻano he fiber prebiotic, ʻaʻole mālama ke kanaka i nā enzyme e pono ai e wāwahi iā ia, no laila hele ʻo ia ma ka ʻōnaehana digestive me ka ʻole i hoʻopā ʻia.


ʻOiai paha ʻoe e manaʻo ai, "he aha ke ʻano o ka ʻai ʻana i ka meaʻai ʻole e komo?" loaʻa iā mākou akā he nui nā pōmaikaʻi.


ʻO nā filament salutary e like me inulin nui ua ʻai ʻia no nā haneli mau manawa e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka maʻi maʻi o ka ʻōpū, ke olakino digestive, a me ke olakino puʻuwai. A ʻo ka nani o nā mea a pau, he kūlohelohe maoli!


Ma kahi kūlana kūikawā, ʻo ka inulin kahi ʻano fructan, oligofructose carbohydrate 1. Aia maoli ia i nā aʻa a me nā kumu o ka hale hana i kumu o ka ikehu.


A ʻoiai ʻaʻole paha ʻoe e noʻonoʻo e pili ana i ka fiber ma ke kumu o ke kō, ʻo ia a aia ma kahi o 75 mau calorie liʻiliʻi ma mua o ke kō keʻokeʻo no ka gram a loaʻa ka hopena liʻiliʻi i ka glucose koko, e lilo ia i koho maikaʻi no ka poʻe me ka maʻi diabetes a me ka poʻe me ka ʻole o ka glucose. . Ma muli o kāna mau ʻāpana osmotically active, kūʻē ia i ka haki ʻana e nā enzyme digestive.


ʻO nā ʻano bacteria e hoʻohana ana i ka prebiotics, ʻo ka inulin-type fructans he colonic turmoil kikoʻī i kuhikuhi ʻia i ka bifidobacteria, hiki ke wāwahi a hoʻohana i ka inulin-type fructans ma muli o ka leʻaleʻa i ka fructofuranosidase enzyme 2. No laila, he lanakila hoʻokūkū ma he ʻāina huikau like me ka ʻōpū.


Akā he aha ka maikaʻi o ka inulin? Hōʻike nā haʻawina he mea nui ka inulin no ke ola kino ma muli o kāna "hopena prebiotic," ʻo ia hoʻi e ʻae ai i nā ʻano bacteria (probiotics) olakino e hana ai i ka ʻōpū (microbiome) e ulu a loaʻa iā ia ka 3. Akā, hoʻopaʻa pū ia i ka cholesterol, hiki ke hiki. e hōʻemi i nā kūlana a me ka hoʻoweliweli e pili ana i ke ʻano metabolic.


He aha ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o Inulin a me Psyllium?


ʻāpana ʻāpana mai ka inulin, aia kekahi fiber hiki ke lohe ʻia e mākou, ʻo ka psyllium cocoon. E like me ka inoa, ua uhuki ʻia ka psyllium cocoon mai nā kumulāʻau o nā hua o ka hale hana Plantago ovata.


No ka poʻe e ʻimi ana e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka ʻai ʻana a me nā kūlana cholesterol, manaʻo ʻia he gula 4. ʻO ia ka iwi kuamoʻo o nā mea hoʻohui fiber maikaʻi loa a me nā meaʻai kīʻaha kiʻekiʻe.


Hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka inulin a me nā fiber ʻē aʻe kumukanawai a, psyllium e komo hou i ka wai. He haʻahaʻa ka fermentable i loko o ka ʻōpū, ʻo ia hoʻi e hoʻonui a paʻa i ka wā e ʻai ʻia ai, e kōkua ana e mālama mau i ka neʻe ʻana o ka ʻōpū, pale i ka constipation, a me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i ka maʻi maʻi.


No ka mea, ʻaʻole i komo ka inulin i ka wai i ka mana like, ʻaʻole like ka hopena laxative.

Pono Inulin.png

ʻO Inulin a me ke olakino ka 5 mau pono e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana


1. Hoʻomaha a hoʻemi i ka constipation

Kākoʻo ʻia? ʻOiai he nui nā kumu o ka constipation, ʻaʻole nui ka ʻai ʻana i ka fiber salutary kahi mea nui - a maikaʻi loa ka inulin no ke kākoʻo ʻana i kēlā.


E kau ma luna o ka moku.

kau inoa no nā leka uila no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ʻike hou aku.

Helu hoʻouna

E komo i kāu hoʻouna

E HOOLOHE

Ma muli o kona ʻano kemika, kūʻai nui i ka inulin hana i kahi mea e like me ka gel i maikaʻi no ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana i ka ʻōpū. Ke hana ʻo ia i gel, loaʻa iā ia kahi ʻano like me nā momona e hoʻoheheʻe i ka ʻāpana GI a hoʻemi i ka hoʻoweliweli o nā hopena e like me ka hemorrhoids.


Ma luna o ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā kulu a me ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka biomass fecal a me ka ʻiʻo wai, kōkua pū ia i ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka neʻe ʻana o ka ʻōpū no ka mea e hoʻomoʻa wikiwiki ʻo ia i loko o ke kolone e hānai i ka bacteria salutary 5, 6.


ʻO kahi haʻawina 2017 i paʻi ʻia ma ka International Journal of Food lores and Nutrition i hoʻonohonoho i kēlā hoʻohui me 4g o Orafti ® Inulin ʻekolu mau manawa i kēlā me kēia lā i ka poʻe makua constipated ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hana ʻōpū i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka placebo 7.


2. Kākoʻo i ka bacteria salutary i loko o ka ʻōpū

No ka mea ʻo ka inulin he fiber prebiotic hiki ʻole ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia, hele ʻo ia i loko o ka ʻāpana GI me ka hoʻopiha piha ʻole ʻia. I ka hala ʻana, hoʻomaka maoli ia e ala aʻe, e hoʻolako i ka meaʻai no nā ʻano bacteria salutary e hoʻopaʻa i ka ʻōpū, ʻoi aku ka Bifidobacterium.


Hōʻike nā haʻawina e hana ana ka oligofructose e like me ka prebiotic e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻopiha ʻana o ka ʻōpū a me ke kolonā, e hoʻololi i ka biodiversity o ka ʻōpū, a hoʻololi i ka endocrine a me nā hana palupalu 8.


Ma muli o ka hoʻoikaika ʻana i ka ulu a me ka hoʻomāhuahua ʻana o nā maʻi bacteria maikaʻi, hiki ke hōʻemi i ka loaʻa ʻana o nā iwi pōʻino e loaʻa ai ka mumū.


3. Hoemi i ka makemake

Eia naʻe, hiki ke kōkua i ka hoʻohui ʻana i kekahi fiber prebiotic i kāu ʻai, mahalo i kona ʻano haʻahaʻa calorie a me ka hiki ke hoʻopaʻa ʻia, Inā ʻoe e hakakā nei me ka pohō kaumaha.


i ka wa ka pauda inulin nui hui pū me ka wai, hāʻawi ia i ka nui a hana i kahi mea e like me ka gel e hoʻonui a hoʻonui i ka nui o nā mea i loko o ka digestive tract. E like me ka mea like, hiki iā ia ke hōʻemi i ka ʻai a me jones , e lilo ia i koho paʻa no ka pohō kaumaha.


Hiki i nā filament prebiotic ke hoʻopaneʻe i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ka ʻōpū a hoʻonui i ka nui o ka manawa i loko o ka ʻōpū, no laila e hoʻoikaika ai i ka ʻai ʻole a kōkua i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka ikehu.


4. Hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino puʻuwai a hōʻemi i nā kumu hoʻoweliweli maʻamau

Nui nā ala e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ke olakino o ka naʻau, akā ua ʻike anei ʻoe hiki i ka fiber ke hana pēlā? Ke hele ka inulin ma ka ʻāpana Gi, ʻohi ʻo ia i nā mea ʻawaʻawa, ʻono, momona, a me ka cholesterol, e kōkua ana i kā lākou hoʻokuʻu ʻana, ʻo ia ke kumu e hoʻopili pinepine ʻia ai nā meaʻai kiʻekiʻe i nā pilikia cardiovascular 10.


Ua ʻike nā haʻawina ʻo ka hoʻonui ʻana i kāu hoʻokomo fiber hiki ke kōkua i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā kūlana cholesterol koko, hoʻemi i ka hoʻoweliweli arteriosclerosis, a mālama i nā kūlana glucose olakino 11.


Pehea e hiki ai? Aia ka pilina ma waena o ka maʻiʻo fiber salutary a me ke koko systolic a me ka diastolic, ka huina cholesterol, a me nā triglycerides. ʻO ka maʻalahi, ʻo ka fiber hiki ke kōkua i ka hōʻemi ʻana i ka LDL cholesterol b i ka pale ʻana i kona hoʻokomo ʻana.



ʻAʻole hoʻi e hoʻonui ka Inulin i kou kūlana glucose koko! No ka mea, ʻaʻole ia e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i loko o ke kino, ʻaʻole ia e hoʻokuʻu i ka insulin a me kahi kumu o ke kō koko 12.


5. Hoʻonui i ka hoʻokomo calcium

ʻOiai ʻaʻole pili pono i ke olakino ʻōpū, pono ka calcium no nā hana physiological he nui i loko o ke kino, me ke olakino iwi a me ka ʻiʻo. Hōʻike kekahi mau ʻimi ʻana i ka hoʻokomo ʻana i kāu fiber hiki ke hoʻomaikaʻi i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana o nā minela kikoʻī, e like me ka calcium a me ka magnesium 13. Pehea ke kākoʻo ʻana o ka fiber i ka immersion meaʻai? Hiki iā ʻoe ke mahalo i kona hopena prebiotic ma ka ʻōpū.


Ua nānā ʻia kahi haʻawina 2005 i paʻi ʻia ma ka American Journal of Clinical Nutrition i nā waiwai o ka inulin-type fructans supplementation on calcium immersion and bone mineral accretion in pubertal adolescents 13.


Hoʻonohonoho lākou i kēlā mea hoʻohui i ka lā me ke kaulahao pōkole a me ka lōʻihi prebiotic nui ka pauda inulin organik- ʻano fructans i hoʻonui hou ʻia i ka piʻi nui ʻana o ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i ka calcium a me ka liʻiliʻi o ka mineralization iwi i nā makahiki o ka ulu ʻana o ka wā ʻōpio.


E like me ka mea like, ma ka heluna kanaka i maʻalahi i ka lawa ʻole o ka calcium - nā wahine ʻōpio a me nā wahine post-menopausal - hiki ke hoʻonui i ka inulin supplementation no ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka wai calcium a me ke kākoʻo ʻana i ke olakino iwi.


Ke kamaʻilio lawe ʻana Ma muli o ka mea a mākou i kamaʻilio ai, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka fiber hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia ma mua o ka ʻōpū. A laila he papa inoa o nā pono o ka inulin-type prebiotics


Hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino o ka ʻōpū a me ka ʻōpū

Hiki ke kōkua i kekahi mau kūlana maʻamau

Hoʻomaikaʻi i ke kō koko koko a pale aku i ka maʻi maʻi type 2

Kākoʻo i ka ulu a me ka ulu ʻana i nā keiki

Hoʻomaikaʻi i nā kūlana cholesterol a me ka lipid metabolism

Hoʻomaikaʻi i ka mineralization iwi

Hiki ke hōʻemi i ka hoʻoweliweli o ka pala

Hoʻonui i ka hoʻopaʻi ʻole

Kahi e loaʻa ai ka Inulin.png

Kahi e loaʻa ai ka Inulin


ʻOiai ua ka pauda inulin organik nui Ua hoʻonohonoho maikaʻi ʻia ma ke ʻano hoʻohui, loaʻa nui nō hoʻi i nā meaʻai hale hana he nui lākou i kapa ʻia he meaʻai prebiotic! E ho'āʻo e hoʻohui i kekahi o kēia mau mea i kāu meaʻai e hoʻonui i kāu hoʻokomo inulin


  • ʻO ke aʻa chicory

  • Aʻa Dandelion

  • Asparagus

  • Leeks

  • 'Alika

  • maia

  • Plantain

  • ʻOhi palaoa

  • Kāleka

  • Nā meaʻai hou

  • ʻO Yams

  • ʻO nā mea kani kiʻi makahiki o Ierusalema

  • Aʻa Burdock

  • Echinacea

  • jicama

  • ʻaʻa Yacon

ʻO nā filament salutary ka kumu meaʻai mua no nā ʻōpala maikaʻi i loko o kou ʻōpū, ʻo ia ke kumu mākou e paipai ai i ka meaʻai momona i nā huaʻai, nā lau ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo, kohu, a me nā legumes.


Akā inā ke ʻimi nei ʻoe e hoʻonui hou aku i kāu hoʻokomo, e noʻonoʻo i ka waiwai e like me Performance Lab Prebiotic - he fiber 2-in-1 hiki ke pane ʻia a me nā mea hoʻohui prebiotic i hoʻolālā ʻia no ke kākoʻo microbiome piha-diapason.


ʻAʻole like me nā probiotics maʻamau e hoʻokomo i nā kolo hou i loko o ka ʻōpū, hānai ʻo Prebiotic i ka poʻe i noho mua no ka hōʻoluʻolu ʻana a me ka maluhia o ka noʻonoʻo.


Pehea ka nui o ka Inulin e pono ai ʻoe?


ʻAʻohe ʻano nui o ka inulin e kākoʻo i ke olakino ʻōpū, akā hiki ke hoʻopau ʻia ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kāu hoʻokomo fiber diurnal. Hoʻokumu ʻia ma ke kumu archaeological, ʻo ka poʻe kahiko e ulu ana i kahi meaʻai i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka hale hana i ʻai ʻia ma kahi o 135 grams o nā huaʻai inulin-type prebiotic i kēlā me kēia lā 14.


ʻOiai he paʻakikī ke hoʻohālikelike pono i ka nui o ka ʻai ʻana o ka poʻe mākua - ʻokoʻa loa ia i ka meaʻai - ʻoi loa ka ʻai ʻana o nā ʻAmelika i ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa ma mua o ka hoʻokomo ʻia ʻana o ka fiber diurnal, ma kahi o 10-15 grams, mai nā huaʻai, nā mea kanu, a me nā meaʻai i hoʻohana hou ʻia me ke aʻa chicory hoʻohui. 15.


Ma ka maʻamau, pono e ʻai ka poʻe makua i ka 20-35 grams o ka fiber i kēlā me kēia lā mai nā kumu meaʻai holoʻokoʻa. Akā, no ka hoʻohui maikaʻi ʻia ʻana o ka inulin i nā meaʻai e like me ka oatmeal, nā mana, a me nā mea i puhi ʻia me ka ʻole o ka hopena i ko lākou ʻono, ua maʻalahi ka hoʻonui ʻana i kāu hoʻokomo!


ʻO ka mea maʻamau, e hoʻomaka me 3-5 grams o ka inulin i kēlā me kēia lā a hana i kou ala a hiki i kahi lāʻau lapaʻau ma waena o 5 a me 15 grams no nā pono maikaʻi loa.


Manaʻo ʻia ʻo Inulin kekahi o nā filament prebiotic maikaʻi loa i aʻo ʻia a hāʻawi i nā pono kūʻokoʻa no ke olakino ʻōpū. Akā he aha ka prebiotics, a no ke aha he koho maikaʻi loa ka inulin? E nānā ana kēia haku mele i ke kumu o ka inulin ma ke ʻano he prebiotic.


He prebiotic maikaʻi anei ka inulin?

ʻO nā prebiotics nā filament hale hana kūikawā e hele ʻole i loko o ka ʻōpū liʻiliʻi a hoʻoulu nui i ka ulu ʻana o ka bacteria salutary i loko o ke kolonā. ʻO ke ʻano inedible o prebiotics hiki iā lākou ke lawelawe ma ke ʻano he "meaʻai" no nā probiotics.


Hōʻike ka ʻimi ʻana i ka inulin i nā koina no kahi prebiotic pono


picky bifidogenic hopena He nui nā haʻawina e hōʻike ana i ka hoʻonui nui ʻana o ka inulin i ka helu bifidobacteria, kekahi o nā pūʻulu olakino maikaʻi loa o ka maʻi bacteria (1).

Kū'ē i ka ʻakika ʻōpū ʻO Inulin ke kū nei i ka pH haʻahaʻa a me nā enzyme digestive a hiki i ke kolone piha (2).

Hoʻoulu ʻia e nā lau o ka ʻōpū ʻo Colonic bacteria e like me Bifidobacterium e mālama i nā enzyme e wāwahi a hoʻohana i ka inulin (3).

Hoʻololi i ka hoʻopaʻi ʻole a me nā pathogens Hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo Inulin i ka hana pā o ka ʻōpū, hoʻemi i ka mumū, a keʻakeʻa i nā pathogens likeC. pilikia (4).

pahu hoʻopaʻa palekana no ka hoʻohana make ʻana Ua hoʻohanohano ʻia ʻo Inulin ma ke ʻano he pahu waiho palekana (GRAS) a ʻae ʻia i loko o nā bolus a hiki i 30 grams i kēlā me kēia lā (5).

No kēia mau kumu, ua manaʻo ʻia ka inulin kekahi o nā filament prebiotic maikaʻi loa i loaʻa i kēia manawa. Loaʻa iā ia kahi waihona kumu ikaika e kākoʻo ana i kāna hana prebiotic.


He aha ke ʻano o ka prebiotic ka inulin?

Aia ka Inulin i ka papa o nā prebiotic i kapa ʻia ʻo fructans, ʻo ia nā ʻano kalapona i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kaulahao o ka fructose motes.


ʻO ka Botanically, ʻo ka inulin he polysaccharide o ka fructose i hana ʻia e nā hale kūʻai he nui i mālama ʻia i ka ikehu. Loaʻa i ke aʻa Chicory ka nānā kiʻekiʻe loa, ma kahi o 15-20 ma ke kaumaha (6).


Ma ke ʻano, loaʻa ka inulin i nā kaulahao fructose pili beta-2,1 me kahi ʻāpana hoʻomaka glucose. Aia ka pae o ka polymerization mai 2 a 70 fructose units(7).


ʻOi aku ka pane o nā inulin kaulahao lōʻihi a ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā waiwai prebiotic i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mote oligofructose pōkole. He ʻokoʻa hoʻi ka Inulin mai nā prebiotic ʻē aʻe e like me galactooligosaccharides (GOS).


No laila i ka hōʻuluʻulu ʻana, ʻo ka inulin kahi prebiotic fructan i wehewehe maikaʻi ʻia me kahi ʻano kemika kūʻokoʻa e hāʻawi ana i nā pono olakino koʻikoʻi.


Ua like anei ka fiber prebiotic me ka inulin?

ʻOiai he fiber prebiotic ka inulin, ʻaʻole nā ​​filament prebiotic a pau he inulin. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo "prebiotic fiber" e pili ana i nā filament hale hana inedible e hoʻoikaika i ka ulu ʻana o ka bacteria salutary gut. Aia kēia


ʻIninulin - Fructan fiber mai chicory, aniani, asparagus, etc.

Galacto- oligosaccharides (GOS) - Mai ka lactose digestion a i ʻole soybeans.

Paʻa kūʻē - ʻo ka bounce e kūʻē i ka ʻai ʻana, hoʻonohonoho ʻia i loko o ka palaoa, ʻuala, etc.

Arabinoxylan - Hemicellulose fiber i hoʻonohonoho ʻia i ka palaoa, psyllium, etc.

Pektin - Hiki ke pane ʻia ka fiber mai nā huaʻai a me nā mea kanu.

Loaʻa i kēlā me kēia fiber prebiotic nā ʻāpana kūʻokoʻa, akā hoʻokō nā mea a pau i ka wehewehe ʻana o ka hoʻoulu nui ʻana i ka maʻi bacteria gut target. ʻO ka Inulin kekahi o nā mea hoʻohui maʻamau ma muli o kāna waiwai bifidogenic.


ʻOiai ʻo nā meaʻai e like me nā aniani i loaʻa kekahi inulin, hāʻawi nā mea hoʻohui i ka chastity holomua a me nā papa prebiotic. Hiki i nā prebiotic i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka meaʻai ke kākoʻo i ke olakino microbiome. Akā ʻo ka inulin ponoʻī hoʻokahi wale nō ʻano ma waena o nā filament prebiotic.

E hoʻomaopopo '


[1] Kolida, S., Meyer, D., & Gibson, GR (2007). ʻO kahi noiʻi ʻelua makapō placebo e hoʻokumu i ka nui bifidogenic o ka inulin i nā kānaka olakino. ʻO ka European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61(10), 1189-1195.

[2] Bonnand-Ducasse, M., Della Valle, G., Lefranc-Millot, C., & Guérin-Deremaux, L. (2015). Ka hopena o ka inulin i ka mālama ʻana i ka berena, kikokikona a me nā waiwai sensory i ka wā mālama. ʻO ke kelekema meaʻai, 197, 302-310.

[3] Scott, KP, Martin, JC, Duncan, SH, & Flint, HJ (2014). ʻO ka hoʻoulu prebiotic o ke kanaka colonic butyrate-producing bacteria a me bifidobacteria, in vitro. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 87(1), 30-40.

[4] Nā keiki, CE, Roytio, H., Alhoniemi, E., Fekete, AA, Forssten, SD, Hudjec, N., Lim, YN, Steger, CJ, Yaqoob, P., Tuohy, KM, Rastall, RA , Ouwehand, AC, & Gibson, GR (2014). Xylo-oligosaccharides wale nō a i ʻole i hui pū ʻia me ka Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis induce bifidogenesis a modulate markers of immune function in health adults: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, factorial cross-over study. ʻO ka British Journal of Nutrition, 111(11), 1945-1956.

[5] EFSA Panel ma ka Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies. (2015). Manaʻo ʻepekema e pili ana i ka hōʻoia ʻana o kahi koi olakino e pili ana i ka "native chicory inulin" a me ka mālama ʻana i ka defecation maʻamau ma o ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka stool frequency e like me ka Paukū 13.5 o Regulation (EC) No 1924/20061. Hōʻike Pūnaewele EFSA, 13(1).

[6] Franck, A. (2002). ʻO ka hana ʻenehana o ka inulin a me ka oligofructose. Ka Pelekānia Pelekānia o Nutrition, 87(S2), S287-S291.

[7] Niness, KR (1999). Inulin a me oligofructose: he aha lākou?. Ka Nupepa o ka meaʻai, 129(7), 1402S-1406S.


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He kanaka botanist ʻo Celine Xu me 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu mea kanu no nā noi meaʻai a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i kahi hui R&D e pili ana i ka ʻike, ka mahiʻai ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā mea kanu lāʻau. Ua loaʻa iā Celine Xu kahi Ph.D. ma Plant Biology mai UC Berkeley a ua kākau i nā ʻatikala he nui i loko o nā puke pai e pili ana i nā pono olakino o nā phytochemical kūikawā. 'Ōlelo pinepine 'o ia ma nā 'aha kūkā o ka 'oihana e pili ana i nā mea hou e pili ana i ka 'imi noi'i mea kanu. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Celine Xu i ka holomua ʻana i ka ʻike ʻepekema pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai nā pūhui mea kanu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino kanaka.