Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka Capsaicin i ka wai?

2023-09-01 10:43:47

Inā makemake ʻoe i nā meaʻai ʻala e like me nā pepa wela, ua noʻonoʻo paha ʻoe i ka solubility o ka capsaicin, ka mea hana e hāʻawi ai i nā chili i ko lākou wela nui a me ka pungency. Ua ʻimi au i nā nīnau e like me:

ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka Capsaicin i ka wai akā hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i nā momona a me ka waiʻona maʻemaʻe.


ʻO Capsaicin, i kapa ʻia ʻo capsaicin, ʻo ia ka mea hana o ka capsicum, ka ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula, kahi mea hoʻonāukiuki i nā mammals me nā kānaka a hiki ke hoʻoulu i ka ʻeha o ka waha. Kapa ʻia ʻo Capsaicin a me kekahi mau pūhui e pili ana He capsaicinoids lākou, ʻo ia paha nā metabolites lua i hana ʻia e nā pepa e pale aku ai i nā herbivores mai ka ʻai ʻana a me ka fungal parasites. ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻaʻole pili nā manu i nā capsaicinoids. ʻO ka capsaicin maʻemaʻe kahi mea hoʻohemo wai a lipophilic. , Ka waihoʻoluʻu a me ka ʻala ʻole o ka crystalline a i ʻole ka hui waxy.

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Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka capsaicin i ka wai?

Ka hoomaopopo ana i ka solubility o capsaicin kōkua i ka wehewehe ʻana i ke kumu e hoʻoikaika ai kekahi mau mea inu i ka ʻono o nā chili, a ʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe e hoʻomaha. Ma kēia alakaʻi kikoʻī, e uhi mākou i nā kumuhana me:


E nānā ana kēia alakaʻi i nā waiwai kemika intrinsic e hoʻoholo ai i ka solubility o ka capsaicin i loko o nā mea hoʻoheheʻe like ʻole e pili ana i kona ʻano molekala kū hoʻokahi. E pane pū mākou i nā nīnau maʻamau e pili ana i ka hana ʻana o ka capsaicin me nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu e pili ana i nā manaʻo e hoʻāla ai.


ʻO ka capsaicin maʻemaʻe ʻo ia ka hoʻopaʻa ikaika ʻana i nā pepa stew e wela ai lākou. Hoʻohana ka Pepper spray i mea kaua no ka pale ʻana iā ia iho. ʻO ka Capsaicin kahi hōʻeha ʻano a e hoʻoulu ai i ka ʻai ʻana a me ka ʻeha inā pili ia me kou ʻili a i ʻole nā ​​​​maka. Inā ʻoe e ʻai i ka capsaicin, e hana ia i ka haunaele i loko o kou waha a me kou puʻu. ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka Capsaicin i ka wai, akā he mea hoʻoheheʻe ia i ka waiʻona a me ka ʻaila.


Capsaicin pauda Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia e nānā i ke kiʻekiʻe o ka hack i nā maʻi i hoʻomanaʻo ʻia e loaʻa i nā maʻi hanu a me nā poʻe maikaʻi. Makemake ʻo CAP e hoʻopaʻa i ka palupalu a me ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i ka wai, no laila e manaʻo ʻia no ia mau hoʻokolohua. No ka haki ʻole ʻana o ka capsaicin e like me ka mea e pono ai, manaʻo ʻia ka nui o nā hoʻokolohua e loiloi i kona hiki. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā mea hoʻoheheʻe inorganic e hemo loa i ka hack remove (CAP). ʻO kahi hoʻonohonoho EtOH a me polysorbate-80 (Tween-80) he palena hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ma mua o kahi hoʻonohonoho EtOH a me polysorbate-80 me ka ʻole o Tween. No ka nānā ʻana i nā hopena o nā hoʻonohonoho CAP i loaʻa iā Tween-20 ma ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka hack reflex, ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā pilina ʻāpana i ʻike maikaʻi ʻia me nā hoʻonohonoho CAP i loaʻa iā Tween-20. Hoʻokomo ʻia kēlā me kēia haʻawina i kahi hoʻonohonoho waiwai o 25 miliona CAP.

Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka hopena o nā waiwai kemika o ka Capsaicin

Capsaicin he hui kino i kapa ʻia he vanillylamide i hana ʻia e nā pepa chili ma ke ʻano he pale pale. Loaʻa i kāna ʻano kemika kūikawā nā ʻāpana hydrophobic a me nā hydrophilic e hāʻawi i ka capsaicin i kahi ʻano amphiphilic.

Hoʻopili ka huelo kalapona hydrophobic lōʻihi me nā momona a me ka waiʻona, ʻoiai ʻo ka hui polar amide e hāʻawi i kahi pilina no ka wai. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo ka nui o ka ʻili polar ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka capsaicin i nā ʻano wai wai.

ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i nā waiwai kemika o ka capsaicin e hāʻawi i ka ʻike i kona ʻike solubility i nā solvents e like me ka wai, ka waiʻona, ka waiū, ka aila, a me nā mea hou aku.

He haʻahaʻa loa ko Capsaicin i ka wai.png

He haʻahaʻa loa ko Capsaicin i ka wai

Ke nīnau nei "he hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka capsaicin i ka wai?", ʻAʻole ka pane. Capsaicin ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka wai maʻemaʻe ma muli o kona ʻano hydrophobic nui.

Hōʻike nā noiʻi ʻo ka solubility o ka capsaicin i ka wai i ka lumi wela ma kahi o 0.003 grams no ka lita. ʻO kēia ʻano solubility e wehewehe i ke kumu e hiki ai i nā pepa chili ke loaʻa i nā kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o nā kulu ʻaila capsaicin ma luna o ko lākou ʻili a ʻo ka ʻiʻo i loko ka nui o ka wai.

I loko o ka wai maʻemaʻe, noho mau ka capsaicin e like me nā paʻa crystalline i hoʻokuʻu ʻia akā ʻaʻole i hoʻoheheʻe maoli ʻia. ʻO ke ʻano wela mai ka capsaicin binding receptors, ʻaʻole i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia. No laila, ʻoiai ka nui o ka wai i loko, hāʻawi ka chili i ka wela nui.

Hana maikaʻi nā waiʻona e like me ka ethanol ma ke ʻano he Capsaicin Solvents

ʻOiai ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka wai, capsaicin hōʻike i ka hoʻoheheʻe kiʻekiʻe i loko o nā hoʻonā waiʻona ethanol. Hiki i ka solubility o ka capsaicin ke hiki i ka 50-100 grams no ka lita ma ka ethanol maʻemaʻe.

ʻO nā pūʻulu hydroxyl i loko o nā waiʻona hiki ke hoʻopili i ka hydrogen me ka capsaicin, aʻo nā kaulahao hydrocarbon e hāʻawi i kahi ʻano hydrophobic. ʻAe kēia i nā kristal capsaicin e hoʻoheheʻe piha.

ʻO ka hoʻoheheʻe kiʻekiʻe i loko o ka ethanol e hoʻoikaika i nā mea inu ʻona i ke ʻano wela o nā meaʻai ʻala. Hoʻopili koke ʻia ka capsaicin i hoʻoheheʻe ʻia a hoʻōla i nā mea hoʻokipa nerve.

Hoʻopaʻa nā Protein Milk i ka Capsaicin e hōʻoluʻolu i ke ahi

Hāʻawi ka waiū waiu i ka hōʻoluʻolu mai ke ahi waha ma hope o ka ʻai ʻana i nā chili ma muli o kāna mau protein casein. ʻOiai ʻaʻole hoʻoheheʻe nā momona o ka waiū i ka capsaicin, he ʻano amphiphilic ka casein.

Hoʻopili nā ʻāpana hydrophobic me nā molekala capsaicin, aʻo nā ʻāpana hydrophilic e pili pū me ka wai. Hoʻopili kēia i ka capsaicin, e ʻae iā ia e holoi.

No laila ʻoiai ʻaʻole hoʻoheheʻe maoli ka waiū i ka capsaicin, ʻo ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka capsaicin-casein e hoʻomaha i ka ʻike wela ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka wai wale nō.

ʻO ka Capsaicin ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i loko o nā momona a me nā aila.png

He haʻahaʻa ko Capsaicin i nā momona a me nā ʻaila

ʻOiai kona mau wahi hydrophobic, capsaicin ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe i loko o nā lipids, nā aila, a me nā momona. ʻO ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka capsaicin i ka pata, ka aila mea kanu a i ʻole nā ​​​​lipa lipid ʻē aʻe e hopena i ka solubilization liʻiliʻi loa.

Loaʻa i nā ʻakika momona kaulahao lōʻihi ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i ka hydrogen a me ka piha hydrophobic piha e pono ai e hoʻopau i nā kristal capsaicin. ʻO nā meaʻai aila hoʻi e hāʻawi iki i kahi hōʻoluʻolu no ka puhi ʻana o ka capsaicin ma muli o ka hiki ʻole ke hoʻoheheʻe.

Hiki i nā Surfactants ke Emulsify i ka Capsaicin i loko o ka wai

ʻOiai ʻo ka wai maʻemaʻe kahi mea hoʻoheheʻe maikaʻi loa no ka capsaicin, ʻo ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā molekole surfactant amphiphilic e hiki ai ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i ka wai.

Loaʻa i nā surfactants nā ʻāpana hydrophilic a me ka hydrophobic, e hiki ai iā lākou ke emulsify i ka capsaicin i nā micelles. ʻO kēia ka mea hiki i ka capsaicin ke hoʻopuehu a hoʻoheheʻe i kekahi degere i nā hoʻonā wai me nā surfactants.

Hoʻomaikaʻi iki ka Acidity i ka hiki ʻana o ka wai o Capsaicin

Hiki i nā mea inu ʻawaʻawa e like me ka vīnega a i ʻole ka wai lemon ke hiki i ka capsaicin ke hoʻoheheʻe a hoʻoheheʻe maikaʻi aʻe i ka wai.

Eia nō naʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka wai ʻawaʻawa. No laila, ʻoiai ka pH haʻahaʻa e hoʻomaikaʻi i ka solubility ma ke ʻano haʻahaʻa, e mau ana ka wai maʻemaʻe i mea hoʻoheheʻe maikaʻi loa no ka molekele capsaicin hydrophobic.

Hōʻuluʻulu Capsaicin: Hydrophobic mua me kekahi ʻano Amphiphilic

I ka hōʻuluʻulu ʻana, pili nui ka solubility o ka capsaicin i kona ʻano kemika kū hoʻokahi. Loaʻa nā mea nui:

  • Haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa loa i ka wai maʻemaʻe

  • Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i loko o ka ethanol a me nā waiʻona ʻē aʻe

  • Haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i loko o nā momona / ʻaila akā paʻa i nā protein casein

  • Kekahi emulsification me surfactants

  • Hoʻomaikaʻi liʻiliʻi i ka wai ʻakika

ʻOiai ka nui o ka hydrophobic, hōʻike ka capsaicin i kekahi mau waiwai amphiphilic. ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i kāna moʻolelo solubility e hāʻawi i ka ʻike i ke ʻano o nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu.

Nā Nīnau Hoʻoheheʻe pinepine ʻia

Eia nā pane i kekahi mau nīnau i nīnau pinepine ʻia e pili ana i ka solubility capsaicin:

No ke aha e kōkua ai ka waiū i ka wela ʻala akā ʻaʻole nā ​​meaʻai momona?

Hiki i nā protein casein i ka waiū ke hoʻopaʻa i ka capsaicin, e ʻae iā ia e holoi. ʻAʻole hoʻoheheʻe maoli nā momona a me nā aila i ka capsaicin ma muli o ka miscibility maikaʻi ʻole.

E hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka capsaicin i ka vīneka a i ʻole ka wai lemon?

ʻO kekahi, akā, ʻo nā mea inu ʻawaʻawa ka nui o ka wai. No laila, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka wai maʻemaʻe.

He aha ka wela e hemo ai ka capsaicin?

ʻO ka mahana wela ma luna o 95°F (35°C) e hoʻoheheʻe iki i ka capsaicin. Eia naʻe, hiki wale ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana ke loaʻa nā waiʻona a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻoheheʻe organik ʻē aʻe.

No ke aha e ʻono ai ka ʻona i nā meaʻai laʻa?

ʻO ka solubility kiʻekiʻe o ka capsaicin i loko o ka ethanol e hiki ai ke komo wikiwiki i loko o nā mea loaʻa, e hoʻonui i ka wela i ka wā e ʻai ai i nā meaʻai ʻala.

Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka capsaicin i nā aila a me nā momona?

ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia nā lipids a me nā aila meaʻai no ka capsaicin. Eia nō naʻe, hiki i nā pilina hydrophobic ke hoʻopuehu iki i nā aila.

ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka ʻaoʻao solubility o ka capsaicin e hiki ai i nā hui ʻai a me nā mea inu ke hoʻoikaika a hoʻomaha paha i ka wela ʻala ma muli o ke ʻano hemo.

E hoʻomaopopo '

  1. Rollyson, WD, Stover, CA, Brown, KC, Perry, HE, & Stevenson, CD (2014). Bioavailability o ka capsaicin a me kona mau hopena no ka lawe ʻana i ka lāʻau. Nūpepa o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana, 196, 96-105.

  2. Surh, YJ, & Lee, SS (1996). Capsaicin i ka pepa chili wela: carcinogen, co-carcinogen or anticarcinogen?. ʻO ka meaʻai a me ke kinikini toxicology, 34(3), 313-316.

  3. Sut, MK, Bald, E., Kara, M., Esen, M., & Misir, S. (2020). Ka pilina ma waena o ka capsaicin, ethanol a me nā emulsifiers: Ka hopena i ka solubility o ka capsaicin. LWT, 118, 108716.

  4. Choi, S., Sullards, MC, Olzmann, JA, Rees, HD, Weintraub, ST, Bostwick, DE, ... & Levey, AI (2006). Hoʻopili ʻia ka pōʻino oxidative o DJ-1 i nā maʻi sporadic Parkinson a me Alzheimer. Nūpepa o ke Kemika Biological, 281(16), 10816-10824.

  5. Srinivasan, K. (2016). Nā hana olaola o ka pepa ʻulaʻula (Capsicum annuum) a me kāna kumu kumu capsaicin: he loiloi. Nā loiloi koʻikoʻi i ka ʻepekema meaʻai a me ka meaʻai, 56(9), 1488-1500.

  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsaicin

Ma kēia alakaʻi kikoʻī, ua ʻimi mākou i ka solubility o ka capsaicin i loko o ka wai, nā ʻona, nā aila, a me nā mea hoʻoheheʻe ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kona ʻano kemika. ʻO ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka ʻepekema ma hope o ka launa pū ʻana o ka capsaicin e hāʻawi i ka ʻike i ka manaʻo o nā meaʻai a me nā mea inu.


No ka mea kākau

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He kanaka botanist ʻo Celine Xu me 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu mea kanu no nā noi meaʻai a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i kahi hui R&D e pili ana i ka ʻike, ka mahiʻai ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā mea kanu lāʻau. Ua loaʻa iā Celine Xu kahi Ph.D. ma Plant Biology ua kākau i nā ʻatikala he nui i loko o nā puke pai e pili ana i nā pono olakino o nā phytochemical kūikawā. 'Ōlelo pinepine 'o ia ma nā 'aha kūkā o ka 'oihana e pili ana i nā mea hou e pili ana i ka 'imi noi'i mea kanu. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Celine Xu i ka holomua ʻana i ka ʻike ʻepekema pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai nā pūhui mea kanu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino kanaka.