Pehea i hana ʻia ai ka protein pea

2023-08-02 16:39:09

Ma ke ʻano he ʻepekema meaʻai e hana ana i ka ʻoihana pūmua i hoʻokumu ʻia i nā mea kanu, ua nīnau pinepine ʻia au i nā nīnau e pili ana i ka hana ʻana o nā meaʻai pī. Me he mea lā aia kekahi huikau ma waena o ka poʻe kūʻai e pili ana i ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa nui ʻia ʻana a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻohui i nīnau ʻia.


Ma kēia ʻatikala piha, manaʻo wau e wehewehe i ke ʻano o ka hana ʻia ʻana o nā mea protein pea, e ʻimi i ka mōʻaukala o ka protein pea, e wehewehe i ka kemika ma hope o ka unuhi ʻana i ka protein pea, a e kūkākūkā i nā pono a me nā hemahema o kēia kumu puna protein vegan kaulana.



ʻO ke kaʻina hana. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka protein Pea ma ke kaʻina hana e komo pū ana me nā pae maloʻo a me ka wai. ʻO ka mua, ʻo ka ʻiʻo waho o ka pī (ʻo ia ka nui o nā fiber insoluble) e hoʻoneʻe ʻia me ka mīkini i ka wā maloʻo. Ma hope o ka wili ʻana, loaʻa nā fiber soluble, starch, a me nā protein.


He Moʻolelo Pōkole no ka hana ʻana o Pea Protein

Ua ʻai ʻia ka pī e nā kānaka no nā makahiki he 10,000 ma ke ʻano he kumu nui o ka meaʻai ma waena o nā moʻomeheu kahiko ma Asia, ʻEulopa, ʻApelika a me ka Middle East. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo nā mea hoʻohuihui pea protein e like me nā pauka a me nā mea hoʻokaʻawale i kūʻai ʻia i kēia lā, he mea hou kēia.


ʻO kekahi mau hanana nui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o protein protein nā mea hoʻohui:


I ka hopena o ke kenekulia 19, ua hoʻomohala ka poʻe ʻepekema i nā kaʻina hana mua e unuhi a hoʻokaʻawale i nā kumu protein mai nā mea kanu, e waiho ana i ke kumu no ka nui o nā ʻano hana hoʻomohala mea kanu i hoʻohana ʻia i kēia mau lā.

I ka makahiki 1916, ua hoʻomohala ʻia kahi kaʻina hana patent e hoʻokaʻawale i ka protein mai ka palaoa pī no ka hana ʻoihana. ʻO kēia ke kumu mua loa o ka ʻoihana protein pea hou.

I ka makahiki 1940, ua hoʻomohala ʻia nā ʻenehana hou aʻe e ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka unuhi ʻana a me ka noʻonoʻo pono i ka protein mai ka pī. Ua hoʻomaikaʻi kēia i ka maʻemaʻe a me ka ʻike protein.

E hoʻomaka ana i nā makahiki 1970, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka protein pea a ua hoʻomaka ʻia nā concentrates e hana ʻia a kūʻai ʻia aku i nā hui meaʻai i mea ʻai. ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana naʻe he niche nō naʻe.

I nā makahiki 2000, ua ulu nui ka kaulana o ka protein pea ma muli o nā ʻano vegan a me ke koi ʻana i nā kumu protein kumulāʻau. Hoʻonui ʻia nā huahana me ka protein pea.

I kēia lā, hoʻohana nui ʻia ka pī i loko o nā meaʻai i hoʻopaʻa ʻia, nā mea inu a me nā mea hoʻohui e hāʻawi i kahi kumu protein hoʻomau, allergen-friendly.

No laila, ʻoiai ʻo ka pī ponoʻī he moʻolelo kahiko ma ke ʻano he meaʻai waiwai nui i ka protein, paʻa mea ʻai protein pea e like me nā pauka hou he mea hou loa ia i ka ʻepekema meaʻai a me ka hana ʻana.

No hea mai ka Pea Protein.png

No hea mai ka Pea Protein?

Hoʻomaka ʻo Pea protein me ka ʻōpala ʻāpana melemele, kahi mea kanu ʻai nui i ulu nui ʻia ma nā ʻāpana ʻĀkau e like me Kanada, Palani, Kina a me India. Ua kūpono nā pī melemele no ka hana ʻana i ka protein ma muli o ko lākou kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka protein a me ka ʻono ʻono.


I ka wā e ʻohi ʻia ai, e wili ʻia nā pī i loko o ka palaoa pī. A laila e hana ʻia kēia palaoa e hoʻokaʻawale a hoʻokaʻawale i ka protein mai nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe e like me ka carbohydrates a me ka fiber. Ua hoʻonui nui ʻia ka maʻemaʻe o ka protein a me kāna pākēneka ma o kēia kaʻina hana unuhi.


Ma muli o ka mea hana, hiki ke loaʻa nā peas mua mai nā kumu mahiʻai maʻamau, organik a i ʻole GMO-free. No laila, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻia ʻana o nā meaʻai pī i hoʻopau ʻia ma mua o ka palaoa pī holoʻokoʻa, hoʻomaka lākou mai nā pī meaʻai maʻamau maoli.


Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka wai protein pea?


He ʻano pono e loiloi i kekahi pauku protein ʻO ka hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia i loko o ka wai, wai a i ʻole nā ​​​​wai ʻē aʻe. Pono ka hoʻoheheʻe maikaʻi no kahi ʻano laulima a me ka ʻono leʻaleʻa.


Nīnau pinepine ʻia iaʻu inā hui maikaʻi ka protein pea i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā protein ʻē aʻe e like me ka whey a i ʻole soy. ʻO ka pane ʻae - ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka wai no ka protein mea kanu. Hiki iā ia ke hoʻoheheʻe i nā hāʻina maʻemaʻe me ka ʻono kūʻokoʻa.


Loaʻa kēia hoʻoheheʻe ʻia mai kekahi mau waiwai kūlohelohe o nā protein pea - he haʻahaʻa ko lākou kaumaha molekala a me kahi ʻano e pili pono ana me nā molekole wai. E hoʻohui pū nā mea hana i nā mea e hoʻoulu ai i ka solubility e like me ka sunflower lecithin i ka wā o ka hoʻoili ʻana e hoʻomaikaʻi hou i ka mixability.

Pehea e hana ai i ka pauka protein pea.png

Pehea e hana ai i ka pauka protein pea?


I kēia manawa ua uhi mākou i ke kumu o ka protein pea a me kona ʻano solubility, e nānā kākou i ke ʻano o ka hana ʻia ʻana o ka pauka protein a me nā concentrates mai nā pī i ʻoki ʻia.


ʻO ka hakina maloʻo - Ua hui pū ʻia ka palaoa pī me nā wai paʻakai mahana e hoʻokaʻawale i ka protein me ka haʻalele ʻana i nā ʻakika nui a me nā ʻāpana fiber. Hoʻomaloʻo ʻia ka hui ʻana me ka protein.

Wet extraction - Hoʻohui ʻia ka palaoa Pea i loko o kahi slurry me ka wai. Hoʻohui ʻia nā ʻakika e hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ka pH e hoʻoulu ai i nā protein mai ka hoʻonā a waiho ʻia nā mea ʻē aʻe. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā curd protein a maloʻo.

Enzymatic extraction - Hoʻokomo ʻia nā enzyme kūlohelohe i ka slurry palaoa pea no ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā ʻakika, phytic acid a me nā mea antinutrients ʻē aʻe, e hoʻokuʻu ana i ka protein maʻemaʻe i ka hopena, a laila hiki ke hoʻomaloʻo ʻia.

ʻIonic extraction - ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hoʻonā i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ma muli o ka pilina ionic ma waena o nā molekala protein. Hoʻopili ʻia nā proteins a wehe ʻia mai ka slurry.

I nā hihia a pau, ʻo ka hana hope loa e hoʻomaloʻo i ka concentrate protein i unuhi ʻia i loko o ka pauka maikaʻi a hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia. Hiki i nā mea hana ke hana i nā mea hoʻohui e like me ka sunflower lecithin, probiotics, nā mea ʻono a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea ʻono a i ka wā e hana ai no ka ʻono a me ka meaʻai. Akā ʻo ka mea nui e noho kaʻawale protein protein.


Pehea ʻoe e unuhi ai i ka protein mai ka pī?

No ka hoʻomaopopo maikaʻi ʻana i ka hana ʻana o ka pauka protein pea, kōkua ia e nānā kokoke i nā ʻano kumu ʻelua i hoʻohana ʻia no ka unuhi ʻana i ka protein mai nā mea ʻē aʻe o ka palaoa pī:


Kaawale Kino

Ke hoʻohana nei kēia ʻano haʻahaʻa i nā ʻokoʻa o ka solubility, density a me ka nui molekala ma waena o ka protein, carbohydrate a me nā ʻāpana fiber e hoʻokaʻawale iā lākou. Ma ke kaohi ʻana i nā kūlana e like me ka mahana, ka ʻakika, nā pae ion a me ka ʻike wai, hiki iā ʻoe ke koho koho i ka protein mai ka palaoa pī.


Hoʻokaʻawale Kemika

Ke hoʻohana nei kēia ʻano hana i ka pH manipulation e hoʻoneʻe i nā protein i ka destabilize a coagulate i waho o ka hopena. ʻO ka hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana i ka pH protonates i nā protein, hoʻololi i kā lākou uku a hoʻouluulu. ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia nā protein clumped a hiki ke kānana ʻia mai ke koena o ka slurry.


ʻO ka unuhi ʻana i ke kino a me ke kemika ka hopena hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka protein pea maʻemaʻe Loaʻa ka 85-95% protein ma ke kaumaha. Pono nā mea ʻokoʻa liʻiliʻi a i ʻole nā ​​​​kemika koʻikoʻi - ʻo ka wai wale nō, nā mea hoʻololi pH, nā paʻakai a me nā enzymes i ka nui o nā hihia.

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Ua hana nui ʻia ka protein pea?

Ke ʻike nei kekahi poʻe mea kūʻai aku i nā ʻanuʻu e like me ka haʻihaʻi wai a manaʻo lākou e pono e hoʻomaʻamaʻa nui ʻia nā mea kanu protein. Eia nō naʻe, no ka mālama ʻana o ka pauka protein pea i ka paʻa ʻana o nā protein mea kanu maoli, ke hoʻopaʻapaʻa nei au ua hana maʻalahi lākou:


Hoʻopili ʻia ka pī holoʻokoʻa i ka palaoa, e mālama ana i nā mea āpau. Ua kaupalena ʻia ka hana ʻana i kēia manawa.

Lawe ʻia ka protein me ka wai, nā hoʻololi pH, nā enzymes a i ʻole nā ​​paʻakai. ʻAʻohe mea hoʻoheheʻe organik a i ʻole nā ​​waikawa.

Hoʻomaloʻo ʻia ka protein i loko o ke ʻano pauka. He ʻenehana mālama maʻamau i hoʻohana ʻia no ka wai, ka waiū, nā hua manu a me nā meaʻai he nui i kēlā me kēia lā.

Ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me kahi pahu ikehu i hana ʻia me nā kō i hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia, nā ʻaila kaʻawale a me nā mea ʻono hana, ʻaʻole liʻiliʻi loa ka protein pea i ka hana ʻana. Noho paʻa ka pūmua - ʻo ia wale nō ka paʻa.


He aha nā kemika i loko o ka protein pea?

ʻO kekahi hopohopo ʻē aʻe i hōʻike ʻia e kekahi mau mea kūʻai aku ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā "kemika" i ka wā o ka hana ʻana i ka protein pea. Eia naʻe, hilinaʻi nui ka hana ʻana i ka protein pea ma:


Ka wai - ʻO ka mea hoʻoheheʻe honua e pono ai e hana i nā slurries waiwai nui a me nā hopena.

Nā ʻakika - Citric, malic a me ascorbic acid e kōkua i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka pH no ka coagulation protein. Loaʻa i nā huaʻai a me nā lau ʻai nā mea ʻakika māmā a pau.

Nā Paʻakai - Hoʻohana ʻia ka sodium chloride i kekahi manawa e kōkua i ka unuhi ʻana i ka protein i loko o ka hakina maloʻo. He mineral maoli.

Nā Enzymes - ʻO nā enzyme kūlohelohe maoli e hoʻoheheʻe i nā carbohydrates a me nā antinutrients.

Ethanol a i ʻole isopropanol - Hoʻohana ʻia i nā mea liʻiliʻi e hoʻoheheʻe i ka protein. Hoʻopau ʻia ma hope o ka hoʻohana ʻana.

No laila, ʻoiai he paʻakikī nā huaʻōlelo, ka ʻili ʻana i ka protein pea Hoʻohana nui ʻia nā meaʻai meaʻai e loaʻa iā ʻoe ma nā kīhini home, ʻaʻole nā ​​​​kemika ʻoihana koʻikoʻi.

Pehea ka lawe ʻia ʻana o ka protein no ka pauka protein.png

Pehea ka lawe ʻia ʻana o ka protein no ka pauka protein?


ʻOiai ʻokoʻa nā kikoʻī ma waena o nā kumu protein like ʻole e like me ka whey, soy, hemp a me ka protein pea, ke ʻano like nei ke kaʻina hana maʻamau no nā pauka protein:


E koho i kahi kumu waiwai waiwai i ka protein - inā he waiu, mea kanu a mea ʻē aʻe paha.

E wāwahi i ke kumu meaʻai ma o ka wili ʻana a i ʻole ka wili ʻana i loko o nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke komo ʻana.

Hoʻohui i ka wai a hoʻohana i ke kino, enzymatic a i ʻole ka pH manipulation e hoʻokaʻawale i ka protein mai nā momona, nā kaʻa a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

E hoʻokuʻu hou aku i ka protein ma ka wehe ʻana i ka nui o ka wai.

E kāpīpī i ka wai protein i hoʻomaloʻo ʻia i loko o kahi ʻano pauda maikaʻi, hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia a paʻa.

Ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā meaʻai maʻalahi i hoʻoponopono ʻia i kēia lā, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka pae o ka hana ʻana e mālama ai i nā protein i ko lākou kūlana kūlohelohe.


Pehea e hana ʻia ai nā ʻāpana protein pea?


A ʻo kekahi pauka protein pea hoʻohana ʻia i loko o ka lulu a me ka smoothies, ke ulu nui nei nā puʻupuʻu protein pea i kaulana ma ke ʻano he pani ʻiʻo. Hana ʻia kēia mau mea ma o:


Wet extraction no ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia i ka protein pea.

ʻO ka hoʻomehana, ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana a me ke kaomi ʻana i ka protein e hāʻawi iā ia i kahi ʻano fibrous, ʻiʻo.

ʻOki ʻana i ka nui protein textured i loko o nā ʻāpana liʻiliʻi, nā ʻāpana, nā ʻōpala a i ʻole ka palaoa.

ʻOiai ʻoi aku ka ikaika ma mua o ka hoʻoili ʻana i ka pauka, hoʻohālikelike kēia ʻano extrusion i nā protein i hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻia i loko o nā hale e like me ka ʻiʻo ʻoluʻolu me ka mālama ʻana i kā lākou meaʻai.


ʻO nā pono kūpono a me nā pōʻino o ka Pea Protein

Ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kumu liʻiliʻi i hoʻoponopono ʻia e like me ka pī holoʻokoʻa, loaʻa i nā concentrates protein pea nā pono a me nā pōʻino:


Loaʻa nā pōmaikaʻi:


ʻO ka digestibility maikaʻi loa a waikawa amino loaʻa ma muli o ke kaʻina kaʻawale.

ʻO nā antinutrients liʻiliʻi e like me ka phytic acid a i ʻole lectins ma muli o ka hana hou.

ʻOi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka protein-per-calorie ratio i hoʻohālikelike ʻia me ka pī me nā kaʻa a me nā momona.

Hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia ka ʻano pauka hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia i nā lulu protein, nā pauka, nā kī a me nā meaʻai hoʻoikaika kino.

Loaʻa nā hemahema:


Nalo o kekahi B nā wikamina a me nā minela i hoʻoneʻe ʻia me ka hakina fiber.

ʻO nā maʻi allergies a i ʻole ka hoʻomanawanui ʻole i ka poʻe paʻakikī, e like me ka soy protein.

ʻOi aku ka nui o ke kumu kūʻai ma mua o nā pī holoʻokoʻa liʻiliʻi.

Makemake kekahi i nā meaʻai i hoʻomaʻamaʻa liʻiliʻi ʻia ma mua o nā meaʻai kaʻawale.

ʻO ka holoʻokoʻa naʻe, hāʻawi ʻia ka protein pī i hana ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā hana ʻepekema meaʻai hou i kahi koho protein palekana, meaʻai a me ke kaiapuni. Manaʻo wau ua kōkua kēia ʻatikala i ka wehewehe ʻana i ka hana ʻana o nā pauka protein pea a me nā mea hoʻohui, a wehewehe i nā mea a me nā hana e hana ai i kēia mau protein vegan kaulana. E ʻoluʻolu e kelepona mai me nā nīnau ʻē aʻe!


E hoʻomaopopo ':


[1] Chung, HJ & Liu, Q. (2017). Ka hopena o ka molecular structure o ka pea a me ka protein whey i ko lakou kinetics digestion a me ka waiwai physicochemical. ʻImi Meaʻai International, 102, 368-374.


[2] Rigby, NM, Sundar Raj, AA, Sun, J., Wellner, NK, Mills, EC & Mackie, AR (2021). ʻO ka protein mai ka pī: He loiloi o ka kemika, ka hana a me ka meaʻai. Meaʻai, 10(1), 122.


[3] Pōhaku, AK, Karalash, A., Tyler, RT, Nickerson, MT & Warkentin, TD (2015). ʻO nā hiʻohiʻona hana o nā mea hoʻokaʻawale i ka protein pea i hoʻomākaukau ʻia me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻano ʻoki like ʻole a me nā mea kanu. ʻImi Meaʻai International, 76, 31-38.


[4] Raigond, P., Ezekiela, R. & Raigond, B. (2015). ʻO ka starch kūpaʻa i ka meaʻai: he loiloi. Nūpepa o ka ʻEpekema o ka Meaʻai a me ka Mahiʻai, 95(10), 1968-1978.


No ka mea kākau

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He kanaka botanist ʻo Celine Xu me 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu mea kanu no nā noi meaʻai a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i kahi hui R&D e pili ana i ka ʻike, ka mahiʻai ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā mea kanu lāʻau. Ua loaʻa iā Celine Xu kahi Ph.D. ma Plant Biology ua kākau i nā ʻatikala he nui i loko o nā puke pai e pili ana i nā pono olakino o nā phytochemical kūikawā. 'Ōlelo pinepine 'o ia ma nā 'aha kūkā o ka 'oihana e pili ana i nā mea hou e pili ana i ka 'imi noi'i mea kanu. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Celine Xu i ka holomua ʻana i ka ʻike ʻepekema pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai nā pūhui mea kanu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino kanaka.