Loaʻa i ka Pepa ʻEleʻele ka Capsaicin?

2023-09-06 14:56:21

Akā ʻaʻole loaʻa ka capsaicin i ka pepa ʻeleʻele. Ma kahi o ia, aia ka piperine, he hopena like ia i ka ʻono.

ʻAʻohe Capsaicin i loko o ka Pepa ʻEleʻele.png

ʻAʻohe Capsaicin i loko o ka Pepa ʻEleʻele

ʻO ka pepa ʻeleʻele, loaʻa mai ka Piper nigrum vine, ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea ʻala maʻamau i hoʻohana ʻia ma ka honua. ʻO kona ʻano ʻono a me ka ʻono mai nā ʻano pūhui hana like ʻole, ʻo ia hoʻi ka piperine.

Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i loaʻa i ka pepa ʻeleʻele kahi capsaicin. Capsaicin pauda he hui alkaloid kū hoʻokahi i loaʻa i loko o nā mea kanu o ka genus Capsicum, me ka pepa chili.

ʻO Capsaicin ke kuleana no ka hana ʻana i ka wela i ka wā e ʻai ai i nā meaʻai e like me ka jalapeños, habaneros, a me ka pepa cayenne. Hoʻopaʻa ia i nā aʻalolo i loko o ka waha e ʻike i ka wela a me ka ʻeha, e hoʻāla ana i nā hōʻailona i ka lolo i ke ahi maoli ka waha, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i loaʻa ke ahi maoli.


No laila, ʻoiai hiki i ka pepa ʻeleʻele a me ka pepa chili ke ʻono i ka mea ʻala a me ka ʻono, ʻo nā pepa chili wale nō ka mea ʻala i hāʻawi ʻia e ka capsaicin. Hoʻokumu ka pepa ʻeleʻele a me ka pepa chili i ko lākou ʻike i ka wela ma o nā pūhui ʻokoʻa loa.

He aha ka mea e ʻono ai ka Pepa ʻEleʻele?

Ma kahi o ka capsaicin, loaʻa ka pepa ʻeleʻele i kāna kīʻaha ʻokoʻa mai ka piperine a me nā mea bioactive ʻē aʻe e like me:

  • Piperine - ʻO ka alkaloid nui ke kuleana no ka pungency, e hana ana i 5-9% o ka pepa ʻeleʻele. Hāʻawi ʻo Piperine i ka pepa ʻeleʻele i ka ʻono ʻoi loa. Hoʻoulu ia i nā mea loaʻa TRPV1 a me TRPA1 e pili ana i ka ʻike ʻana i ka wela a me ka ʻeha.

  • ʻO nā aila maʻemaʻe - ma waena o 2-7% o ka pepa ʻeleʻele e loaʻa nā aila volatile i loaʻa i ka pinene, sabinene, limonene, caryophyllene a me linalool. Hāʻawi kēia mau terpenes i nā memo ʻala a me nā mea ʻala.

  • ʻO Piperamine - ʻO kekahi alkaloid paʻakikī i loko o ka pepa ʻeleʻele e hoʻopuka ai i kahi ʻono ʻawaʻawa.

  • Chavicine - He alkaloid e hana ana i ka 1-2% o ka pepa ʻeleʻele a hāʻawi i kahi ʻono ʻoi aku ka ʻoi aʻe.

Ma waho aʻe o nā hopena sensory waha, hiki i ka pepa ʻeleʻele ke hoʻonui i ka thermogenesis ma hope o ka ʻai ʻana, e hana ana i kahi ʻano wela i ke kino.

No laila, ʻaʻole i loaʻa ka capsaicin pūhui kikoʻī, hiki i ka pepa ʻeleʻele ke ʻono i ka wela a me ka ʻono ma muli o kāna hui kūʻokoʻa o ka piperine, nā ʻaila volatile, a me nā pūhui alkaloid ʻē aʻe.

Aia i ka Pepa ʻEleʻele.png

Aia ka Capsicum i ka Pepa ʻEleʻele?

Capsicum pili i nā mea kanu i loko o ka ʻohana nightshade Solanaceae e hoʻohua ana i nā hua i kapa ʻia ʻo ka pepa, me ka pepa chili. Loaʻa ka capsaicin pūhui i nā pepa mai ka Capsicum genus, hāʻawi iā lākou i ka wela a me ka pungency.


ʻO ka pepa ʻeleʻele mai ka ʻohana Piperaceae pili ʻole o nā kumu waina. No laila ʻaʻole, ʻaʻohe capsicum i loko o ka pepa ʻeleʻele a i ʻole ka pauka ʻeleʻele lepo.

I kekahi manawa, kapa ʻia ka pepa ʻeleʻele a me ka pepa chili ma ke ʻano he "pepa" ma nā ʻano meaʻai, akā he mau mea kanu ʻokoʻa loa lākou e hana ana i nā pūhui ʻokoʻa. ʻAʻole loaʻa i ka pepa ʻeleʻele kahi capsicum e hana ana i ka capsaicin.

He Capsaicin anei ka Pepa a pau?

ʻOiai ʻo ka hapa nui o nā pepa mai ka genus Capsicum aia ma kahi liʻiliʻi capsaicin, hiki ke hoʻololi nui ʻia ka nui e nā ʻano kikoʻī a me nā ʻano like ʻole.

ʻO kekahi o nā pepa Capsicum maʻamau i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka ʻike capsaicin pili:


  • Kiʻekiʻe: Habanero, Scotch bonnet, Thai, jalapeño ka nui ka pauka capsaicin

  • Medium: Serrano, Cayenne he mau pae haʻahaʻa

  • Haʻahaʻa: ʻO ka pepa maiʻa, ka bele, ka pimento he capsaicin liʻiliʻi

No laila, ʻoiai ʻo ka hapa nui o nā ʻano pepa chili wela e like me jalapeños a me habaneros he nui ka capsaicin, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā pepa Capsicum annuum e like me ka bele a me nā pimentos.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻaʻole lawa ka capsaicin i ka pepa ʻeleʻele a me nā pepa ʻē aʻe me ka piperine. Loaʻa ko lākou pungency mai nā molekole like ʻole.

Ua Manaʻo ʻia ʻo Pepa ʻEleʻele he ʻono.png

Ua Manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka Pepa ʻEleʻele he ʻono?

Ma muli o ka hāʻawi ʻana o ka pepa ʻeleʻele i ke ʻano wela o ka waha i ka wā e ʻai ʻia ai, ua manaʻo ʻia he mea ʻala me ka ʻono "wela".

Eia naʻe, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka pepa ʻeleʻele ma mua o nā pepa chili i loaʻa i ka capsaicin. ʻOiai maʻemaʻe capsaicin extract hiki ke helu ma luna o 15 miliona Scoville Heat Units, ka pepa ʻeleʻele ma kahi o 1,000 a 2,000 SHU liʻiliʻi ma ka mea ʻala.


No laila, ʻoi aku ka haʻahaʻa o ka pumehana a me ka ʻeha e ka pepa ʻeleʻele ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka wela wela e hiki ke hana ʻia e nā pepa chili waiwai nui o ka capsaicin e like me habaneros. Loaʻa ka ʻala mai nā pūhui kemika like ʻole.

He ʻāpana ʻeleʻele o ka ʻohana Capsaicin?

ʻAʻole, hele mai ka pepa ʻeleʻele a me ka capsaicin mai nā ʻohana mea kanu pili ʻole. Capsaicin extract ua hoʻopuka wale ʻia e nā mea kanu i ka ʻohana nightshade a i ʻole ʻohana Solanaceae, e komo pū ana nā pepa mai ka ʻano Capsicum e like me jalapeños a me habaneros.


ʻO ka ʻokoʻa, hele mai ka pepa ʻeleʻele mai Piper nigrum i ka ʻohana Piperaceae o nā kumu waina pua. No laila, ʻoiai hiki iā lākou ke loaʻa i nā ʻono like ʻole, nā ʻono ʻala, ʻaʻohe capsaicin i loko o ka pepa ʻeleʻele a ʻaʻole pili olaola i kēlā mau mea kanu pepa hana capsaicin.

Ua like anei ka Pepa a me ka Capsicum?

Ma ka ʻōlelo o kēlā me kēia lā, hoʻohana ʻia nā huaʻōlelo "pepa" a me "capsicum" i kekahi manawa e pili ana i nā hua ʻona a me nā hua ʻono.

ʻO ka Botanically naʻe, he ʻokoʻa loa lākou:

  • ʻO ka Pepa e pili ana i nā hua maloʻo mai nā kumu waina ulu i ka ʻohana Piper, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka pepa ʻeleʻele mai Piper nigrum.

  • ʻO ka Capsicum wale nō e pili ana i kēlā mau hua chili mai ka ʻohana Solanaceae o nā mea kanu pua i loaʻa ka capsaicin.

No laila, ʻo nā ʻōpala a pau he pepa, akā ʻaʻole i manaʻo ʻia nā pepa a pau he capsicums! ʻO nā pepa chili wale nō no ka hui capsicum hiki ke hana i ka capsaicin, ʻoiai ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia nā peppercorn ʻeleʻele.

No ke aha i kapa ʻia ai kahi Pepa he Capsicum.png

No ke aha i kapa ʻia ai ka Pepper he Capsicum?

Ua ala mai ka hua'ōlelo "capsicum" no ka mea, aia nā pepa a pau o ka genus Capsicum i loko o nā keʻena puka i loko o ka hua i kapa ʻia nā lua i hoʻopaʻa ʻia me nā hua a me nā membrane.

ʻO ka huaʻōlelo Latin "capsa" ʻo ia hoʻi ka pahu a i ʻole ka pahu pahu. No laila ua kapa ʻia nā pepa o kēia ʻano nightshade ʻo "capsicums" e kuhikuhi ana i kēia mau capsule i loko o nā hua pepa i loko o nā ʻanoʻano.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ʻike ka lāʻau lāʻau hou i ka Capsicum ma ke ʻano he ʻano ʻokoʻa ma waho o Piper a me nā hua pepa ʻē aʻe. Akā ʻo ka inoa "capsicum" kaʻana like e hōʻike ana i ka hale i loko, ʻoiai inā ʻaʻole ʻo nā "pepa" a pau no kēlā ʻano kikoʻī a loaʻa. ʻo ka capsaicin extract.

ʻO nā mea kūʻokoʻa o Capsaicin

No ka hoʻomaopopo piha ʻana i ke kumu o ka nele o ka pepa ʻeleʻele i ka pauka capsaicin maʻemaʻe, kōkua ia e nānā pono i kēia mole kūʻokoʻa a me kāna mau waiwai kemika:

  • Capsaicin he alkaloid wale nō i hana ʻia e nā mea kanu pepa Capsicum ma ke ʻano he pale kūʻē i nā fungi a me nā herbivores.

  • ʻO ke kemika, aia ka vanillylamine i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i kahi kaulahao ʻakika momona lālā, e hāʻawi ana i ka momona momona.

  • Hoʻopili ʻo Capsaicin i nā mea loaʻa TRPV1 i loko o ka ʻōnaehana nerve e ʻike ai i ka wela a me ka ʻeha, e hoʻoulu ai i nā hōʻailona o ke ʻano wela.

  • He 16 miliona mau ʻāpana wela Scoville ma ke ʻano maʻemaʻe, ʻoiai ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka nui o nā pepa chili.

  • Hoʻopuka ka Capsaicin i kahi manaʻo wela mua, a ukali ʻia e ka desensitization i ka ʻeha a me nā hopena analgesic.

  • Loaʻa paha kekahi mau hopena maikaʻi i ka metabolism, ka mālama ʻana i ke kaumaha, a me ke olakino cardiovascular.

  • Hoʻohana ʻia nā ʻaila capsaicin topical e mālama i ka ʻeha neuropathy peripheral.

No laila, i ka hōʻuluʻulu ʻana, ʻoiai hiki i ka pepa ʻeleʻele a mākou e lulu ai i kā mākou meaʻai ke hāʻawi i kahi kuʻi ʻala liʻiliʻi, ʻaʻole i loko o ka pūhui capsaicin ikaika nona ke kumu kūʻai wela wela o nā pepa chili. Loaʻa ka pungency mai kahi ʻokoʻa like ʻole o nā alkaloids a me nā aila volatile. Hiki i nā mea ʻelua ke hoʻohui i nā mea ʻala, akā ʻo nā pepa chili capsicum maoli wale nō ka mana o ka capsaicin!

E hoʻomaopopo ':

[1] Orellana-Escobedo, L., Ornelas-Paz, J. de J., Olivares-Báez, R., Guerrero-Legarreta, I., Sepúlveda, DR, & Ruiz-Cabrera, MA (2012). Hoʻohui kokoke, Phenolic Acids, a me Flavonoids Ke ʻano o ka ʻeleʻele, ʻeleʻele, a me ka ʻulaʻula ʻulaʻula (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) i ulu ma Mekiko. CyTA - Nūpepa o ka Meaʻai, 10(2), 127–134.

[2] Surh, YJ a me Lee, SS, 1995. ʻO Capsaicin, he pahi kaua ʻelua: ka ʻawaʻawa, ka metabolism, a me ka hiki kemopreventive. ʻepekema ola, 56(22), pp.1845-1855.

[3] O'Neill, J., Brock, C., Olesen, AE, Andresen, T., Nilsson, M. a me Dickenson, AH, 2012. Wehe i ka mea pohihihi o ka capsaicin: he mea hana e hoʻomaopopo a mālama i ka ʻeha. Nā loiloi lāʻau lapaʻau, 64 (4), pp.939-971.

[4] McLeod, MJ (2017). ʻO ke kumu evolutionary o ka pepa (genus Capsicum). Ma Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops Vol. 2 (pp. 209-224). Springer, Cham.


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He kanaka botanist ʻo Celine Xu me 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu mea kanu no nā noi meaʻai a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i kahi hui R&D e pili ana i ka ʻike, ka mahiʻai ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā mea kanu lāʻau. Ua loaʻa iā Celine Xu kahi Ph.D. ma Plant Biology ua kākau i nā ʻatikala he nui i loko o nā puke pai e pili ana i nā pono olakino o nā phytochemical kūikawā. 'Ōlelo pinepine 'o ia ma nā 'aha kūkā o ka 'oihana e pili ana i nā mea hou e pili ana i ka 'imi noi'i mea kanu. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Celine Xu i ka holomua ʻana i ka ʻike ʻepekema pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai nā pūhui mea kanu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino kanaka.