ʻO Capsaicin vs Capsicum

2023-09-01 11:27:49



Ma kēia ʻatikala nui, e nānā pono wau i ka capsaicin a me ka capsicum, e wehewehe pono ana i ke ʻano o kēlā me kēia, ko lākou like a me nā ʻokoʻa, nā pono olakino e pili ana, a me nā pane i nā nīnau i nīnau pinepine ʻia e pili ana i kēia mau pūhui hoihoi.


He aha ka Capsicum?


Hōʻike ʻo Capsicum i kahi ʻano ʻano like ʻole i loko o ka ʻohana nightshade ākea o nā mea kanu pua, ʻike ʻia ʻepekema ʻo Solanaceae. Hoʻopili ʻia ma luna o 31 mau ʻano i ʻike ʻia, ʻo ka capsicum genus e loaʻa i nā ʻano pepa āpau, e hoʻomaka ana ma ke ʻano o nā ʻāpana wela scoville, nā ʻono, ka nui, nā kala, a me nā ʻano meaʻai.


ʻOiai ke ʻimi nei nā mea kanu capsicum i ko lākou kumu i ʻAmelika Hema a me ʻAmelika Hema, i kēia lā ke ulu nei lākou ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa i nā ʻāina wela. Hoʻopuka kēia mau mea kanu paʻakikī i nā hua ʻai i kapa mau ʻia ʻo ka pepper pods a i ʻole peppercorns. Aia i loko o ka lua o loko ka ʻanoʻano ʻai a me nā membrane i loaʻa nā mea kanu pono e like me nā huaora, antioxidants, a me nā capsaicinoids pale.


ʻO kekahi o nā ʻano mea maʻamau ma lalo o ka ʻano capsicum expansive penei:


  • Capsicum annuum - ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻano pepa kalepa e like me ka bele, jalapeños, maiʻa, cayennes, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

  • ʻO Capsicum frutescens - Hoʻokomo ʻia nā superhots e like me nā pepa tabasco a me ka pepa ʻuhane kaulana i kaulana no kona ʻono loa.

  • Capsicum chinense - ʻIke ʻia no nā ʻano wela ʻē aʻe e like me habaneros a me nā pāpale Scotch.

  • Capsicum baccatum - Loaʻa nā pepa e like me nā ajís a me nā pepa keʻokeʻo Peruvian kaulana i ka meaʻai ʻAmelika Hema.

  • Capsicum pubescens - Loaʻa i nā pepa rocoto ʻAmelika Hema, i ʻike ʻia no kā lākou ʻanoʻano ʻeleʻele a me ka ʻono a me ka ʻono hua.

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He aha ka Capsaicin?


Capsaicin pauda ʻO ia ka mea hoʻohui ikaika i hana ʻia i loko o nā hua capsicum e hoʻohua i ko lākou ʻano wela ke ʻai ʻia. Me ka lima o nā kemika pili i kapa ʻia ʻo capsaicinoids, ʻike ʻia ka capsaicin i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o nā membrane i loko a me nā hua o ka pepa capsicum.


Me he alkaloid, capsaicin ʻaʻohe ona ʻala, kala ʻole, a me ka crystalline ma ke ʻano. Hana ia ma ka hoʻoulu ʻana i nā neurons sensory i loko o ka waha, ka ʻāʻī, a me ka ʻōpū e pane maʻamau i ka wela a me ka ʻeha, e hōʻailona ana i ka lolo e ʻike i kēlā mau ʻano wela. Hoʻomaka kēia i ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o nā neuropeptides e hoʻoponopono i ka ʻeha a me ka mahana o ke kino.


Ma ke ano hoomaemae, nui ka capsaicin Hiki iā ia ke helu ma luna o 16 miliona ma ka pālākiō Scoville, e lilo ia i mea ikaika loa. Aia ma kahi o 69% o nā capsaicinoids i loko o nā ʻano capsicum. Me ka ʻole o kēia pūhui, ʻaʻole lawa ka ʻono a me ka ʻono o nā pepa capsicum.


Nā mea like ma waena o Capsaicin a me Capsicum


Capsaicin a ʻo ka capsicum kaʻana like i ka pilina pili ma ka etymologically a me ka biologically. ʻO ke kumu "capsici-" i loaʻa i nā huaʻōlelo ʻelua i loaʻa mai ka inoa Latin kumu no nā pepa. Hōʻike kēia i ka pili ʻana o lākou, me ka capsaicin i loaʻa maoli i nā hua capsicum.


Ma kahi o kā lākou mau pili taxonomic, ʻo ka capsaicin a me ka capsicum e hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o nā pono olakino. Eia nō naʻe, hāʻawi ka capsicum i nā huaora pono, nā minerala, nā antioxidants, a me nā phytochemical pono ʻē aʻe, ʻoiai ʻo capsaicin e hāʻawi pono i ka ʻike wela a me nā hopena kūʻokoʻa i ka metabolism a me ka thermogenesis.

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ʻO ka Capsaicin a me ka Capsicum i loko o ka Peppers


ʻOiai loaʻa nā pepa capsicum a pau mai ka ʻano nightshade like, ʻokoʻa ka ʻike capsaicin ma muli o ke ʻano a me nā ʻano like ʻole. Ma ka ʻaoʻao haʻahaʻa, ʻaʻohe capsaicin i ʻike ʻia i loko o nā pepa bele momona. Eia naʻe ma ka ʻaoʻao kiʻekiʻe loa, hiki i nā pepa wela loa o ka honua e like me ka Carolina Reaper ke ʻoi aku ma mua o 2 miliona mau ʻāpana wela Scoville, ʻo ia hoʻi ka kiʻekiʻe o ka capsaicin.


Hoʻopaʻa inoa ka jalapeño ma kahi o 5,000 SHU, cayenne 30,000-50,000 SHU, habanero a hiki i 350,000 SHU, a me ka pepa ʻuhane ma luna o 800,000 SHU. ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻoi aku ka wela o ka ʻano capsicum, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka capsaicin i loko o kona mau membrane a me nā hua. Hōʻike kēia spectrum i ka ʻokoʻa kupaianaha i loaʻa i loko o nā ʻano capsicum.

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Nā Pōmaikaʻi Ola Capsaicin a me Capsicum


Kūʻokoʻa a hui pū ʻia, ʻelua capsaicin pauka a kāpena hāʻawi i kahi kikoʻī o nā pono olakino i kākoʻo ʻia e ka noiʻi. Ma ke ʻano he huaʻai holoʻokoʻa, hāʻawi ka capsicum i nā huaora koʻikoʻi e like me A, C, B6, nā minerale like potassium, antioxidants like lycopene a me lutein, a me nā pūhui anti-inflammatory e like me dihydrocapsiate.


I kēia manawa, hōʻike ka capsaicin i nā waiwai bioactive e pili ana i ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka thermogenesis a me ka metabolism, e hōʻemi ana i ka mumū ma o ka modulation receptor pain, e hōʻike ana i nā hopena antibacterial, a hiki ke pale aku i nā maʻi ʻōpū.


Ma ka ʻai ʻana i nā huahana capsicum spicy i loaʻa i ka capsaicin, hiki iā ʻoe ke hauʻoli i ka pono meaʻai o ka pepa holoʻokoʻa me nā hopena olakino kūikawā o ka capsaicin. Hōʻike kēia i ka pilina symbiotic ma waena o ka capsaicin a me kāna kumu hua capsicum.


Nā nīnau nīnau e pili ana i ka Capsaicin a me ka Capsicum


Ma ʻaneʻi e pane pono wau i kekahi mau nīnau i nīnau pinepine ʻia e pili ana i kēia mau cap-hui pili ʻelua:


No ke aha i hoʻohana ai ka poʻe Australia i ka huaʻōlelo blanket capsicum?


Ma nā huaʻōlelo Australian, ua hoʻohana ʻia ka capsicum ma ke ʻano he umbrella huaʻōlelo e pili ana i nā ʻano pepa like ʻole, inā ʻo ka bele momona a i ʻole ka pepa chili. Ua puka mai kēia mai ka poʻe kolone Pelekania e hoʻolauna ana i ka lepili capsicum e hoʻopuni ākea i nā ʻano pepa ʻono, ʻaʻole pungent.


Loaʻa i nā pepa capsicum a pau ka capsaicin?


ʻAʻole, ʻokoʻa ka ʻike o ka capsaicin i waena o nā mea kanu capsicum. ʻO kekahi mau ʻano e like me ka bele ʻaʻole i loaʻa i ka capsaicin, aʻo nā mea ʻē aʻe e like me habaneros he kiʻekiʻe loa o kēia pūhui wela.


He ʻano bele paha ka capsaicin?


ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole ʻo ka capsaicin kahi ʻano capsicum ponoʻī. Akā, he pūhui kemika ʻono ia i hoʻohui wale ʻia i loko o nā ʻano capsicum wela. ʻAʻole loa ka capsaicin i nā pepa bele ʻōmaʻomaʻo.


Hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka wai capsaicin?


ʻAʻole, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ka capsaicin i ka wai. ʻAʻole hiki iā ia ke lanakila i ka polarity o ka wai e hoʻoheheʻe pono ʻia, e hōʻike ana i ka solubility wai maikaʻi loa ma kahi o 0.001%.


Hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa i ka capsaicin me ka ʻole o ka ʻai ʻana i ka pepa?


ʻAe, hiki ke hoʻopau i ka capsaicin ma ke ʻano hoʻohui a i ʻole ka hoʻohana ʻana iā ia ma luna o nā creams i loaʻa nā capsaicinoids. Eia naʻe, nalo kēia ʻano hana kaʻawale i ke kiko piha o nā pono meaʻai mai ka ʻai ʻana i nā pepa capsicum holoʻokoʻa.



E hoʻomaopopo ':


Othman, ZAA et al. (2019). ʻAno Capsicum: Mai ka taxonomy a hiki i ka botany hou. Planta, 250, 851-866.

Davis, CD et al. (2022). Capsaicin, capsicum a me ka pepa: Nā pōmaikaʻi olakino. Nā meaʻai, 14(12), 2443.

Marrelli, M. et al. (2018). Nā hopena o ka capsaicin i ke olakino: He loiloi piha. Nā meaʻai, 10(11), 1618.

Sutton, KH et al. (2005). ʻO ka huaʻōlelo Australian no ka capsicum. Hui Pū ʻIa ʻImi a me Hoʻomohala ʻOihana Kūʻai, Barton.

Bosland, PW, & Baral, BB (2007). 'Bhut Jolokia' - ʻO ka pepa chile kaulana loa o ka honua he ʻano ʻano hui like ʻole. HortScience, 42(2), 222-224.

O'Neill, J. et al. (2012). Ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana o ka capsaicin i ka ethanol a me ka wai. J. Kema. Eng. ʻIkepili, 57(3), 847-850.

Thomas, BV et al. (1998). Ka hopena o nā surfactants, pH a me nā mea chelating ma ka solubility o ka capsaicin. J. Food Sci. Technol., 35(2), 128-131.


No ka mea kākau

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He kanaka botanist ʻo Celine Xu me 15 mau makahiki o ka ʻike i ka noiʻi ʻana a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā mea kanu mea kanu no nā noi meaʻai a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau. Alakaʻi ʻo ia i kahi hui R&D e pili ana i ka ʻike, ka mahiʻai ʻana a me ka unuhi ʻana i nā mea kanu lāʻau. Ua loaʻa iā Celine Xu kahi Ph.D. ma Plant Biology ua kākau i nā ʻatikala he nui i loko o nā puke pai e pili ana i nā pono olakino o nā phytochemical kūikawā. 'Ōlelo pinepine 'o ia ma nā 'aha kūkā o ka 'oihana e pili ana i nā mea hou e pili ana i ka 'imi noi'i mea kanu. Hoʻolaʻa ʻia ʻo Celine Xu i ka holomua ʻana i ka ʻike ʻepekema pehea e hoʻohana ʻia ai nā pūhui mea kanu i hoʻopaʻa ʻia e hoʻomaikaʻi i ke olakino kanaka.